Document Detail

Clinical experience with a dual switch valve (Miethke) for the management of adult hydrocephalus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17895613     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The dual switch valve (DSV), which switches between two parallel valve chambers depending on the patient posture, was evaluated in 101 consecutive adult patients with hydrocephalus who required shunt surgery. The opening pressure was 5 or 10 cmH(2)O for the supine position and 30 or 40 cmH(2)O for the upright position depending on the sitting height. The results clearly showed that the DSV can regulate the intraventricular pressure (IVP) to 5 to 10 cmH(2)O in the supine and almost zero in the upright position, independently of posture. Ninety-four of the 101 patients received the DSV and 86 patients showed some clinical improvement. However, three patients required irrigation of subdural hematoma and six were thought to suffer underdrainage (4 probable and 2 possible). Such underdrainage probably resulted from the relatively high opening pressure in the supine position of 10 cmH(2)O and the bedridden state of these patients. This problem may be solved by the DSV with the 5 cmH(2)O setting in the supine position. The DSV can maintain physiological IVP in hydrocephalic patients independently of posture and provides generally satisfactory clinical outcome, but cannot prevent all inadequate drainage-related problems.
Akira Tsunoda; Chikashi Maruki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurologia medico-chirurgica     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0470-8105     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurol. Med. Chir. (Tokyo)     Publication Date:  2007 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-09-26     Completed Date:  2007-12-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400775     Medline TA:  Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo)     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  403-8; discussion 408     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurosurgery, Koshigaya Municipal Hospital, Saitama, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Equipment Design
Hydrocephalus / physiopathology,  therapy*
Intracranial Pressure / physiology
Middle Aged
Posture / physiology
Treatment Outcome
Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt / instrumentation*

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