Document Detail

Clinical and exercise test determinants of survival after cardiac transplantation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14605079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Cardiac transplantation (CTX) is now a viable option for patients with end-stage heart failure, but there remains a paucity of available donor hearts relative to the demand for them. Establishing prognosis after CTX can help direct this resource to patients most likely to benefit, as well as to help guide therapy for CTX recipients. Clinical, exercise, and hemodynamic factors associated with survival after CTX have not been well established. METHODS: One hundred seventy-four randomly selected patients who underwent heart transplantation between 1983 and 1999 at Rikshospitalet University Hospital were included in the study. Data were collected as a part of routine posttransplantation management a mean of 3.5 +/- 2.1 years (+/- SD) after CTX. Clinical, cardiopulmonary exercise testing, and hemodynamic measures were performed, including measures of peak oxygen uptake (O(2)), ejection fraction, cardiac index, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP), pulmonary artery pressure, creatinine, and the presence of coronary artery disease. Patients were followed up for a mean of 7.1 +/- 2.1 years; all-cause mortality was used as the end point for survival analysis. RESULTS: During the follow-up period, 39 patients died; the average annual mortality was 3.6%. Peak O(2) was 19.6 +/- 5.6 mL/kg/min, representing 70.5 +/- 6.7% of the age-predicted value. Only right atrial pressure and PCWP differed between those who survived and those who died; both were slightly higher among those who died. By Cox proportional hazard analysis, there were no age-adjusted univariate or multivariate predictors of survival among continuous variables. Exploring various cut points revealed that serum creatinine > 118 micromol/L, PCWP > 12 mm Hg, and mean pulmonary artery pressure > 25 mm Hg were significant univariate predictors of mortality. These cut points for PCWP and pulmonary artery pressure generated hazard ratios of 2.3 and 2.9, respectively. CONCLUSION: Long-term survival after CTX was comparatively high in our cohort, with 5-year survival > 80%. Standard clinical, hemodynamic, and cardiopulmonary exercise test variables were not strong predictors of mortality in CTX patients a mean of 7 years after CTX. The association between elevated hemodynamic pressures and mortality, although weak, suggests that ventricular compliance, pulmonary vascular resistance, or both, may predict long-term survival after CTX.
Jonathan Myers; Odd Geiran; Svein Simonsen; Afshin Ghuyoumi; Lars Gullestad
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  124     ISSN:  0012-3692     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  2003 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-11-07     Completed Date:  2003-12-23     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2000-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Cardiology Division, Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure
Creatinine / blood
Exercise Test*
Heart Transplantation / mortality*
Middle Aged
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Preoperative Care
Proportional Hazards Models
Pulmonary Wedge Pressure
Survival Rate
Ventricular Function
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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