Document Detail

Clinical differentiation between major depression only, major depression with panic disorder and panic disorder only. Childhood, personality and personality disorder.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2735208     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A consecutive sample of 298 nonpsychotic psychiatric outpatients was classified according to DSM-III and divided into 4 diagnostic groups: pure major depression, mixed major depression/panic disorder, pure panic disorder and a remaining group of other disorders. The patients' report of childhood relationship to parents and siblings, family atmosphere, their own personality characteristics as children and precipitating events were compared in the various groups. In addition, differences in personality and frequencies of personality disorders were investigated by means of various instruments. Our results show that the type of relationship to parents in childhood differed in the various groups. The mother seems to be the most crucial person for the development of depression, the father for the development of panic disorder. Patients with major depression are more obsessive and patients with panic disorder more infantile and avoidant with less control of their personality. Finally, patients with mixed conditions are more in accordance with the DSM-III anxious personality disorder cluster.
R Alnaes; S Torgersen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica     Volume:  79     ISSN:  0001-690X     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Psychiatr Scand     Publication Date:  1989 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-07-17     Completed Date:  1989-07-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370364     Medline TA:  Acta Psychiatr Scand     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  370-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oslo, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Depressive Disorder / psychology*
Life Change Events
Manuals as Topic
Middle Aged
Personality Development*
Personality Disorders / psychology*
Personality Inventory
Risk Factors

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