Document Detail


Clinical correlates of dysphagia to oesophageal dysmotility: studies using combined manometry and impedance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18298439     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study aimed to elucidate the mechanism of dysphagia by determining the simultaneous relationships between subjective perception of swallow with oesophageal motility and bolus transport in patients with non-obstructive dysphagia (NOD). Combined oesophageal manometry and impedance was performed in 18 consecutive NOD patients and 14 healthy controls. Swallow was abnormal if the amplitude of distal oesophageal contractions was less than 30 mmHg or simultaneous contractions occurred. Bolus transit was abnormal if bolus exit was not found at one or more of the measuring sites. Perception of each swallow was assessed using a standardized scoring system and was enhanced if score was >1. The prevalence of complete bolus transit was lower in NOD patients compared with healthy controls (P = 0.001). Abnormal liquid bolus transit was found in 40% of patients with normal motility and 38% of patients with abnormal motility, whereas abnormal viscous bolus transit was observed in 38% of patients with normal motility and 70% of patients with abnormal motility. Agreement between enhanced perception and impedance was poor during liquid (kappa = 0.12, 95% CI: -0.003 to 0.233) and viscous swallowing (kappa = 0.12, 95% CI: -0.004 to 0.244). Agreement between enhanced perception and manometry was even poorer during liquid (kappa = -0.16, 95% CI: -0.302 to 0.022) and viscous swallowing (kappa = -0.12, 95% CI: -0.25 to 0.002). NOD patients show poor correlation between dysphagia and oesophageal motility parameters. The results suggest that, in patients with NOD, oesophageal motor dysfunction may play a limited role, if any, in the generation of dysphagia.
Authors:
C L Chen; C H Yi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-02-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1365-2982     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurogastroenterol. Motil.     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-16     Completed Date:  2008-10-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9432572     Medline TA:  Neurogastroenterol Motil     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  611-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Center and University School of Medicine, Hualien, Taiwan. harry.clchen@msa.hinet.net
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Deglutition / physiology
Deglutition Disorders / diagnosis*,  physiopathology*
Electric Impedance / diagnostic use
Esophageal Motility Disorders / diagnosis*,  physiopathology*
Female
Humans
Male
Manometry / methods
Middle Aged

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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