Document Detail

Clinical chemistry of companion avian species: a review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12189602     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Birds have evolved alternate physiologic strategies to contend with dehydration, starvation, malnutrition, and reproduction. Basic anatomic and functional differences between birds and mammals impact clinical chemistry values and their evaluation. Interpretation of the results of standard biochemical analyses, including BUN, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, creatine kinase, gamma glutamyltransferase, bilirubin, ammonia, alkaline phosphatase, cholesterol, bile acids, glucose, albumin, globulins, calcium, phosphorus, prealbumin (transthyretin), fibrinogen, iron, and ferritin, is reviewed and discussed in relation to these physiological differences. The use and interpretation of alternative analytes appropriate for avian species, such as uric acid, biliverdin, glutamate dehydrogenase, and galactose clearance, also are reviewed. Normal avian urine and appropriate use of urinalysis, an integral part of laboratory diagnosis in mammalian species that frequently is omitted from avian diagnostic protocols, is discussed.
Kendal E Harr
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary clinical pathology / American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0275-6382     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet Clin Pathol     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-08-21     Completed Date:  2002-12-11     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9880575     Medline TA:  Vet Clin Pathol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  140-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Florida Veterinary Pathology, Inc, Gainesville, FL 32607, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Domestic
Birds / blood*,  physiology,  urine*
Blood Chemical Analysis / veterinary*
Electrolytes / blood,  metabolism
Glucose / metabolism
Iron / metabolism
Kidney / physiology
Liver / chemistry,  metabolism
Proteins / analysis
Reference Values
Species Specificity
Urinalysis / veterinary*
Water-Electrolyte Balance
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Electrolytes; 0/Proteins; 50-99-7/Glucose; 7439-89-6/Iron

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