Document Detail

Clinical characteristics and causes of pruritus in cats: a multicentre study on feline hypersensitivity-associated dermatoses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21410570     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Hypersensitivity dermatitides (HD) are often suspected in cats. Cats with HD are reported to present with one or more of the following patterns: miliary dermatitis, eosinophilic dermatitis, self-induced symmetrical alopecia or head and/or neck excoriations. Previous reports on feline HD included small numbers of animals, took place in geographically restricted areas or did not compare these conditions with other causes of pruritus. The goal of the present study was to analyse 72 parameters covering signalment, clinical, laboratory and treatment characteristics from a large group of pruritic cats from different geographical areas. Of the 502 cats, the following diagnoses were made: flea HD (29% of cases), food HD (12%) nonflea/nonfood HD (20%) and other diseases in which pruritus was a feature (24%). Cats with signs consistent with a HD but which did not complete a food trial were not analysed further (15% of cases). Most cats with nonflea HD exhibited signs compatible with one or more of the four typical lesional patterns, but none of these patterns was found to be pathognomonic for any specific diagnosis. Food HD and nonflea/nonfood HD were found to be clinically undistinguishable. Young adult, purebred and female cats appeared predisposed to nonflea/nonfood HD. As many diagnoses presented with similar lesional patterns, a thorough clinical work-up is required for establishment of a specific diagnosis.
Stefan Hobi; Monika Linek; Geneviève Marignac; Thierry Olivry; Luc Beco; Claudia Nett; Jacques Fontaine; Petra Roosje; Kerstin Bergvall; Sveta Belova; Stefanie Koebrich; Didier Pin; Marcel Kovalik; Sabrina Meury; Sylvie Wilhelm; Claude Favrot
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary dermatology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-3164     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9426187     Medline TA:  Vet Dermatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Veterinary Dermatology. © 2011 ESVD and ACVD, Veterinary Dermatology.
Dermatology Department, Clinic for Small Animal Internal Medicine, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland Tierärztliche Spezialisten, Hamburg, Germany Unité de Parasitologie, École Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort, Maisons-Alfort Cedex, France Department of Clinical Sciences and Center for Comparative Medicine and Translational Research, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA Clinique Vétérinaire, Spa, Belgium Dermatologie und Allergologie für Tieren, Kleintierklinik Rigiplatz, Cham, Switzerland Clinique Vétérinaire, Bruxelles, Belgium Division of Clinical Dermatology, Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland Department Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden Department of Therapy, Institute of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu, Estonia Bruchweg 3, D- 68809, Neulussheim, Germany Unité de Dermatologie, VetAgro Sup Campus Vétérinaire, Marcy L'Etoile, France The University of Edinburgh, Veterinary Dermatology Unit, Division of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Hospital for Small Animals, The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, Edinburgh, UK.
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