Document Detail

Clinical benefits of lightweight compression: reduction of venous-related symptoms by ready-to-wear lightweight gradient compression hosiery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10491060     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Medical-grade compression of class I (20-30 mmHg) and class II (30-40 mmHg) have been shown to be beneficial against venous hypertension or congestion. Relatively few studies address the effects of ready-to-wear (RTW) lightweight gradient compression pantyhose on venous symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To perform a study comparing the effects of two different compression RTW lightweight gradient compression stockings (8-15 mmHg and 15-20 mmHg) on the venous symptoms of flight attendants. METHOD: A prospective crossover trial of symptom evaluation in 19 flight attendants was performed in which participants rated their symptoms on a visual analog scale. During the initial phase, participants wore no compression for 2 weeks. They then wore 8-15 mmHg and 15-20 mmHg gradient compression support hose while flying over a 4-week period. Symptoms before and after wearing the gradient compression stockings were compared and statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Wearing of 8-15 mmHg gradient hose resulted in statistically significant improvement of discomfort (P < 0.01). Swelling, fatigue, aching, and tightness of the leg were all improved to a statistically significant degree (P < 0.01). For 15-20 mmHg gradient hosiery, symptoms were improved to a statistically significant or almost significant level. The difference between the 8-15 mmHg and 15-20 mmHg compression was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Use of lightweight (low compression) RTW gradient compression hosiery is very effective in improving symptoms of discomfort (P < 0.01), swelling (almost P < 0. 05), fatigue (P < 0.05), aching (P < 0.01), as well as leg tightness. Improvement of symptoms is statistically significant compared to no compression when hosiery was worn regularly during waking hours for 4 weeks.
R A Weiss; D Duffy
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1076-0512     ISO Abbreviation:  Dermatol Surg     Publication Date:  1999 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-08-15     Completed Date:  2000-08-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9504371     Medline TA:  Dermatol Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  701-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Over Studies
Edema / prevention & control
Leg* / blood supply
Middle Aged
Patient Satisfaction
Prospective Studies
Telangiectasis / therapy
Varicose Veins
Venous Insufficiency / therapy*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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