Document Detail

Clinical assessment and outcome of three techniques for jejunal resection and anastomosis in horses: 59 cases (1989-2000).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12126134     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative complications, short- and long-term survival, and surgical times for hand-sewn end-to-end (EE), stapled functional end-to-end (FEE), and stapled side-to-side (SS) anastomotic techniques for jejunal resection in horses. DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: 59 horses. PROCEDURE: Medical records were reviewed to obtain signalment, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome for horses that underwent jejunojejunostomy in our hospital. Only horses that recovered from anesthesia were included in the study. RESULTS: Among the 59 horses, there were 33 EE, 15 FEE, and 11 SS anastomoses. No difference was found in duration of surgery among the 3 techniques. The most common postoperative complications were colic episodes (56%), ileus (53%), diarrhea (20%), and adhesions (15%). Horses with SS anastomosis had a significantly shorter duration of postoperative ileus than the EE group did. No significant difference in duration of postoperative ileus was found among the other groups. No difference was found among the 3 anastomotic techniques in regard to survival rate at the time of discharge, 6 months after surgery, or 1 year after surgery. Overall survival rates after jejunal anastomosis were 88% at the time of discharge, 65% at 6 months after surgery, and 57% at > or = 1 year after surgery. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The hand-sewn EE, stapled FEE, and stapled SS anastomotic techniques should be considered equivalent methods for small intestinal anastomosis in the horse. However, the stapled SS technique may be preferred because of possible decreased duration of postoperative ileus.
Stacy A Semevolos; Norm G Ducharme; Richard P Hackett
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association     Volume:  220     ISSN:  0003-1488     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.     Publication Date:  2002 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-07-19     Completed Date:  2002-10-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503067     Medline TA:  J Am Vet Med Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  215-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Equine Hospital, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anastomosis, Surgical / methods,  mortality,  veterinary
Horses / surgery*
Jejunum / surgery*
Postoperative Complications / epidemiology,  mortality,  veterinary*
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate
Suture Techniques / veterinary
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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