Document Detail

Clinical aspects of hypertension in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21462839     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The importance of measuring blood pressure routinely in children over 3 years, and in specific circumstances in younger children, is increasingly recognized. The incidence of pediatric hypertension is relatively high, its prevalence increasing, and high blood pressure tends to track into adulthood. Interpretation of a blood pressure measurement requires knowledge of sex-, age-, and height-specific normative values. Blood pressure is classified as normal if < 90th percentile, and high if > 95th percentile, and as prehypertension if 90-95th percentile. The methods available to measure blood pressure together with their advantages and disadvantages, as well as pitfalls in measurement, are discussed. Also discussed is Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring which may define if there is "dipping", i.e. a decrease in blood pressure by > 10% during sleep, a novel parameter that may help identify children at risk of sustained hypertension or its complications. Signs, symptoms and physical findings of the child with hypertension are reviewed.
Aida Yared
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Le Journal médical libanais. The Lebanese medical journal     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0023-9852     ISO Abbreviation:  J Med Liban     Publication Date:    2010 Jul-Sep
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375352     Medline TA:  J Med Liban     Country:  Lebanon    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  127-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, USA.
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