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Clinical application of the multigene analysis test in discriminating between ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease: a retrospective study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22229803     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Methods. The newly described - multigene analysis test (DiBiCol) identifying 7 inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-specific genes in colonic mucosal biopsy differentiating between ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) with active inflammation - is a new addition to existing methods with a higher stated sensitivity and specificity. Method biopsy material from 78 patients with a complicated course diagnosed as most probably UC in 38, CD in 18 and inflammatory bowel disease unclassified (IBDU) in 22 were investigated by DiBiCol. Results. DiBiCol showed a pattern consistent with CD in 13 patients with UC and led to change of diagnosis in 3 patients and a strong suggestion of CD in 8 patients. A total of 2 patients remained as UC. DiBiCol showed a pattern of UC in 4 patients of 18 with CD leading to a changing of diagnosis to UC in 3 patients, but the fourth remained as CD. In 22 patients with IBDU DiBiCol showed a pattern consistent with UC in 7 cases and with CD in 13 cases. A new evaluation 1 year after the DiBiCol allowed the assessment of clinical diagnosis in 10 patients confirmed in 9 of 10 patients by DiBiCol. In patients with acute flare of colitis the clinical diagnosis corresponded in 10 of 12 UC and in 5 of 6 CD cases. Summary. Adopting the DiBiCol test led to a change of the primary diagnosis in a significant number of patients with the initial diagnosis of UC and CD and suggested a clinically probable diagnosis in most of the patients with IBDU and in those with an acute flare of colitis.
Authors:
I Janczewska; M Kapraali; F Saboonchi; Q Nekzada; A Wessulv; J Khoshkar; F Marouf; J Gorsetman; D Risberg; M Lissing; G Wirström; B Sandstedt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1502-7708     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0060105     Medline TA:  Scand J Gastroenterol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Division of Internal Medicine Danderyd Hospital , Stockholm , Sweden.
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