Document Detail

Clinical Spectrum of Artery of Percheron Infarct: Clinical-Radiological Correlations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24144596     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The occlusion of the artery of Percheron results in bilateral thalamic and mesencephalic infarctions. In this series, we attempted to classify the subtypes of clinical presentations and long-term prognosis with regards to radiological patterns.
METHODS: We sought the clinical and radiological findings of 15 (8 men and 7 women; mean age 48 years) consecutive patients with Percheron artery infarct over 10 years. We classified the clinical symptoms according to the presence of a mental status disturbance (MSD), behavioral amnesic impairment (BAI), aphasia/dysarthria, ocular movement disorders (OMDs), motor deficit, cerebellar signs, and others. The Percheron artery infarct images were classified as bilateral paramedian thalamic with rostral midbrain infarction (BPTRMI), bilateral paramedian thalamic without midbrain infarction (BPTWMI), bilateral paramedian and anterior thalamic with midbrain infarction (BPATMI), and bilateral paramedian and anterior thalamic without midbrain infarction. The outcome was evaluated using a modified Rankin Scale (mRS).
RESULTS: OMD and MSD were the most common clinical manifestations in patients with BPTRMI (n = 8). BAI and MSD were the main clinical findings in patients with BPTWMI (n = 6). A patient with BPATMI had a combination of clinical manifestations. After a mean follow-up of 55 months, a good outcome (mRS score ≤ 2) was present in 25% of the patients with BPTRMI, 67% of the patients with BPTWMI, and in 1 patient with BPATMI.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that it is possible to identify clinical and radiological subgroups of Percheron artery infarct. The long-term follow-up outcome is generally good, except in cases with midbrain involvement.
Antonio Arauz; Hernán M Patiño-Rodríguez; Juan C Vargas-González; Nayelli Arguelles-Morales; Humberto Silos; Angélica Ruiz-Franco; Marco A Ochoa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-10-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8511     ISO Abbreviation:  J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis     Publication Date:  2013 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9111633     Medline TA:  J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Stroke Clinic, National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery Manuel Velasco Suárez, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address:
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