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Clinical Significance of the Assessment of the Systolic and Diastolic Myocardial Function of the Left Atrium in Patients With Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation and Low CHADS(2) Index Treated With Catheter Ablation Therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23337834     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical significance of the assessment of the diastolic and systolic myocardial function of the left atrium in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) and low CHADS(2) scores treated with catheter ablation therapy. In a cohort of 84 symptomatic patients with paroxysmal AF and low CHADS(2) scores (≤1), the clinical significance of the systolic and diastolic myocardial function of the left atrium (assessed using 2-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography) were studied to predict the risk for recurrence of AF after catheter ablation therapy in the course of a follow-up period of ≥1 year. During a mean follow-up period of 19.2 ± 5.4 months, patients with left atrial (LA) myocardial diastolic dysfunction (LA strain <18.8%) had a significantly higher rate of recurrence of AF (42.4% vs 9.8%, p <0.05) compared to those without LA diastolic dysfunction. In line with this finding, patients with impaired LA myocardial systolic function (LA strain rate >-0.85 s(-1)) had worse outcomes after catheter ablation therapy than those with normal LA systolic function (rate of recurrence of AF 42.9% vs 12.5%, respectively, p <0.05). In relation to these results, in a logistic regression analysis including co-morbidities, left ventricular dysfunction, LA enlargement, and LA myocardial alterations, diastolic and systolic LA myocardial dysfunction were the principal variable associated with the recurrence of AF (odds ratios 6.8 and 5.2, respectively). In conclusion, in symptomatic patients with paroxysmal AF and low CHADS(2) scores, these findings suggest that the assessment of diastolic and systolic LA myocardial function using 2-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography could be of great utility to distinguish those patients with high or low risk for recurrence of AF after catheter ablation therapy.
Authors:
Daniel A Morris; Abdul Parwani; Martin Huemer; Alexander Wutzler; Tarek Bekfani; Philipp Attanasio; Katharina Friedrich; York Kühnle; Wilhelm Haverkamp; Leif-Hendrik Boldt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology (Campus Virchow-Klinikum), Charité University Hospital, Berlin, Germany.
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