Document Detail

Clinical Presentation and Outcomes of Coronary In-Stent Restenosis Across 3-Stent Generations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25466551     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Clinical presentation of bare metal stent in-stent restenosis (ISR) in patients undergoing target lesion revascularization is well characterized and negatively affects on outcomes, whereas the presentation and outcomes of first- and second-generation drug-eluting stents (DESs) remains under-reported.
METHODS AND RESULTS: The study included 909 patients (1077 ISR lesions) distributed as follows: bare metal stent (n=388), first-generation DES (n=425), and second-generation DES (n=96), categorized into acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or non-ACS presentation mode at the time of first target lesion revascularization. ACS was further classified as myocardial infarction (MI) and unstable angina. For bare metal stent, first-generation DES and second-generation DES, ACS was the clinical presentation in 67.8%, 71.0%, and 66.7% of patients, respectively (P=0.470), whereas MI occurred in 10.6%, 10.1%, and 5.2% of patients, respectively (P=0.273). The correlates for MI as ISR presentation were current smokers (odds ratio, 3.02; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.78-5.13; P<0.001), and chronic renal failure (odds ratio, 2.73; 95% CI, 1.60-4.70; P<0.001), with a protective trend for the second-generation DES ISR (odds ratio, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.12-1.03; P=0.060). ACS presentations had an independent effect on major adverse cardiac events (death, MI, and re-target lesion revascularization) at 6 months (MI versus non-ACS: adjusted hazard ratio, 4.06; 95% CI, 1.84-8.94; P<0.001; unstable angina versus non-ACS: adjusted hazard ratio, 1.98; 95% CI, 1.01-3.87; P=0.046).
CONCLUSIONS: ISR clinical presentation is similar irrespective of stent type. MI as ISR presentation seems to be associated with patient and not device-related factors. ACS as ISR presentation has an independent effect on major adverse cardiac events, suggesting that ISR remains a hazard and should be minimized.
Marco A Magalhaes; Sa'ar Minha; Fang Chen; Rebecca Torguson; Al Fazir Omar; Joshua P Loh; Ricardo O Escarcega; Michael J Lipinski; Nevin C Baker; Hironori Kitabata; Hideaki Ota; William O Suddath; Lowell F Satler; Augusto D Pichard; Ron Waksman
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-12-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation. Cardiovascular interventions     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1941-7632     ISO Abbreviation:  Circ Cardiovasc Interv     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-4    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101499602     Medline TA:  Circ Cardiovasc Interv     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.
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