Document Detail

Clinical and Pathologic Comparison of Simple Left-to-Right Shunt Congenital Heart Disease and Transposition of the Great Arteries with Ventricular Septal Defect.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22543345     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Background: This study aimed to compare clinical and pathologic data for selected patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) and severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) treated with a diagnostic-treatment-and-repair strategy and to compare results for patients with pulmonary vascular disease (PVD) with simple left-to-right shunt CHD with patients with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) and ventricular septal defect (VSD).Methods: Group I comprised 38 patients with simple left-to-right shunt CHD and severe PH; group II included 11 older patients with TGA with VSD and severe PH; and group III comprised 6 autopsy cases of individuals with a normal circulation. The nature of the pulmonary arteries was determined by the Heath-Edwards classification system. All specimens were quantitatively analyzed.Results: Group I showed 31 patients with a change to grade I, 3 patients were grade II, 3 patients were grade III, and only 1 patient was grade IV. Group II showed 7 patients with a change to grade I, 2 patients were grade II, 1 patient was grade III, and only 1 patient was grade IV. The media wall thickness percentage (%MT), the media wall area percentage (%MS), and arteriole density were significantly higher in groups I and II than in group III. %MS was significantly higher in group II than in group I; no significant differences in %MT and arteriole density could be found between groups I and II.Conclusions: The PVD in these selected patients with CHD and severe PH who were cared for with a diagnostic-treatment-and-repair strategy is generally reversible, and the changes in PVD in the patients with TGA and VSD were similar to those in the patients with simple left-to-right shunt CHD.
Jing-Bin Huang; Jian Liang; Ming Du
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The heart surgery forum     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1522-6662     ISO Abbreviation:  Heart Surg Forum     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100891112     Medline TA:  Heart Surg Forum     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E97-E102     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Affiliated Ruikang Hospital of Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medical College, Nanning, China.
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