Document Detail

Clinical and operative characteristics of cyclops syndrome after double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20875722     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical and operative characteristics of cyclops lesion in a consecutive series of patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) double-bundle reconstruction.
METHODS: Included were 387 patients who underwent an ACL double-bundle reconstruction with quadriceps or hamstring tendons and were followed up at 6 weeks and 3, 6, and 12 months for clinical examination. When a persistent extension deficit was observed 3 months postoperatively, magnetic resonance imaging was performed to eventually diagnose a cyclops syndrome, and arthroscopic removal of the nodule was performed in these cases. The aspect of the nodule was explored before debridement. These patients were reviewed at a mean follow-up of 12 months (minimum, 6 months; maximum, 20 months) after nodule debridement for evaluation.
RESULTS: There were 14 patients who had cyclops syndrome (3.61%); 10 cases (5.37%) occurred in the quadriceps tendon group and 4 cases (1.99%) in the hamstring tendon group. In the postoperative period these patients had a mean loss of extension of 6° (range, 5° to 15°), and 78.6% had pain and/or swelling. At the 6-week follow-up, 78.6% of the 14 patients had a significant quadriceps dysfunction associated with an active extension deficit. During arthroscopic debridement, the cyclops lesion was always located on the roof of the intercondylar notch. At the last follow-up, 12 patients had full range of motion, but an extension loss was still present in 2 patients. On the International Knee Documentation Committee objective evaluation, 78.5% of patients were graded A, 14.3% were graded B, and 7.2% were graded C.
CONCLUSIONS: Cyclops syndrome after double-bundle ACL reconstruction was more frequently observed with quadriceps tendon graft than with hamstring graft. Its unique characteristic is that the nodule localization is from the roof of the intercondylar notch. The majority of the patients with cyclops syndrome presented with a significant quadriceps dysfunction and an active extension deficit in the immediate postoperative period.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, therapeutic case series.
Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet; Frédéric Lavoie; Roger Ogassawara; Houssine Kasmaoui; Rodrigo G Scussiato; Jake F Kidder; Pierre Chambat
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1526-3231     ISO Abbreviation:  Arthroscopy     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506498     Medline TA:  Arthroscopy     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1483-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Centre Orthopédique Paul Santy, 24 Av. Paul Santy, Lyon, France.
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