Document Detail


Clinical Inquiries: Does exercise alleviate symptoms of depression?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20824231     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Yes. Exercise reduces patient-perceived symptoms of depression when used as monotherapy (strength of recommendation [SOR]: B, meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials [RCTs] with significant heterogeneity). It relieves symptoms as effectively as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or pharmacologic anti-depressant therapy (SOR: B, meta-analysis) and more effectively than bright light therapy (SOR: B, meta-analysis). Resistance exercise and mixed exercise (resistance and aerobic) work better than aerobic exercise alone (SOR: B, meta-analysis). High-frequency exercise is more effective than low-frequency exercise (SOR: B, small RCT). "Mindful" exercise, which has a meditative focus, such as tai chi and yoga, also reduces symptoms of depression (SOR: B, systematic review of RCTs).
Authors:
Alan Gill; Rosalind Womack; Sarah Safranek
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of family practice     Volume:  59     ISSN:  1533-7294     ISO Abbreviation:  J Fam Pract     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-08     Completed Date:  2010-09-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502590     Medline TA:  J Fam Pract     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  530-1     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Tacoma Family Medicine Residency Program, University of Washington Department of Family Medicine, Tacoma, WA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Depression / prevention & control*,  psychology
Exercise* / psychology
Humans
Meditation
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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