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Clinical Improvement after Extracranial Venoplasty in Multiple Sclerosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22951366     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: This study proposed to prospectively evaluate safety and clinical changes in outpatient endovascular treatment in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred fifty-nine patients with MS were followed with the Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale (MSIS-29) before and for 1and 6 months after treatment of extracranial internal jugular vein and azygos vein stenoses and occlusions using venous angioplasty, as well as stent placement in 2.5% of patients. Before treatment, the patients were tested with magnetic resonance (MR) venography and flow quantification. RESULTS: We found statistically significant improvements in the MSIS-29 scores (P < .01) at both 1 and 6 months. At 1 and 6 months, 67.9% and 53.6% were improved on the physical scale, respectively, and 53.0% and 44.4% were improved on the psychological scale, respectively. Women showed greater improvement than did men on the physical scale at 6 months (P = .01). Patients with primary progressive MS (PPMS) showed less improvement than did those with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) on the psychological scale at 1 month, and venoplasty treatment of more vein sites versus fewer vein sites showed greater improvement on the physical scale at both 1 and 6 months. Fifteen patients (6.3%) reported recurrent symptoms after clinical improvement and were treated again. There was one serious adverse event, a deep venous thrombosis at the catheter insertion site, which resolved with treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular treatment of CCSVI in patients with MS appears to be a safe procedure resulting in significant clinical improvement.
David Hubbard; Donald Ponec; Justin Gooding; Richard Saxon; Heidi Sauder; Mark Haacke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1535-7732     ISO Abbreviation:  J Vasc Interv Radiol     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9203369     Medline TA:  J Vasc Interv Radiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Applied fMRI Institute, Hubbard Foundation, San Diego, California.
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