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Clinical Implications of Quantitative Electroencephalography and Current Source Density in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22736322     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examined whether quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) and current source density (CSD) can be used to evaluate symptom severity in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Thirty AD patients (13 mild and 17 moderate severity) and 30 normal control (NC) subjects were recruited. The Korean version of the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Packet and the Global Deterioration Scale were measured. qEEG and CSD data were analyzed in five frequency bands: delta (1-3 Hz), theta (4-7 Hz), alpha (8-12 Hz), beta (13-25 Hz), and gamma (30-50 Hz). Compared with the NC subjects, the moderate AD patients had significantly increased theta and decreased beta power. Compared with the mild AD patients, the moderate AD patients had significantly decreased beta power. In the AD patients, the theta power was significantly correlated with a poor performance for global cognition; however, beta power was positively correlated with a good performance for global cognition, attention, memory, visuospatial function, and executive function. The CSD of the theta band in the superior temporal gyrus, transverse temporal gyrus, insula, postcentral gyrus, cuneus, and lingual gyrus was significantly different between NC subjects and moderate AD patients and between mild and moderate AD patients. The theta CSD of these regions was significantly correlated with a poor performance for global cognition, memory, visuospatial function, execution, and language. The results suggest that qEEG and the CSD of the theta and beta bands are useful biological markers in AD patients.
Authors:
Ji-Sun Kim; Seung-Hwan Lee; Gewnhi Park; Sangrae Kim; Sung-Man Bae; Do-Won Kim; Chang-Hwan Im
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain topography     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-6792     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8903034     Medline TA:  Brain Topogr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, 2240 Daehwa-dong, Ilsan-seo-gu, Goyang, Kyunggi-do, 411-706, Republic of Korea.
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