Document Detail

Clinical features and the risk factors of infantile exotropia recurrence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20678748     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical features and the risk factors of recurrence in infantile exotropia. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. METHODS: The clinical records of 20 infantile exotropia patients who underwent exotropia surgery were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the amount of exodeviation present at 1 year after surgery. Preoperative patient characteristics and postoperative alignments were evaluated at 1 day and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. RESULTS: The successful group was composed of 12 patients with an alignment of less than 10 prism diopters (PD) of exodeviation, and the recurrent group was composed of 8 patients with an alignment of 10 PD or more of exodeviation (range, 10 to 18 PD) at 1 year after surgery. The incidences of dissociated vertical deviation, inferior oblique overaction, and rates of constancy before operation were not significantly different in the 2 groups (P = .603, P = .158, and P = .347, respectively), and postoperative deviations were not significantly different at 1 day after surgery. However, postoperative deviations were significantly different in the 2 groups at 1 month (P = .069) and 3 months (P < .001) after surgery, and this difference was maintained at 12 months after surgery. Furthermore, correlation between initial alignments at 1 month after surgery and final alignments was significant in successful group (P = .012). CONCLUSIONS: No single factor affecting the surgical outcome was identified in infantile exotropia, but the recurrence of infantile exotropia was apparent from the first postoperative month.
Ji-Hye Park; Seung-Hyun Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-08-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of ophthalmology     Volume:  150     ISSN:  1879-1891     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Ophthalmol.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-24     Completed Date:  2010-10-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370500     Medline TA:  Am J Ophthalmol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  464-467.e2     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Exotropia / diagnosis*,  surgery
Follow-Up Studies
Oculomotor Muscles / pathology*,  surgery
Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures*
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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