Document Detail


Clinical Evaluation of Intrabony Defects in Localized Aggressive Periodontitis Patients with and without Bioglass- An In-vivo Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22971854     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background Aggressive periodontitis is a specific type of periodontitis with clearly identifiable clinical characteristics such as rapid attachment loss, bone destruction and familial aggregation. Regeneration of mineralized tissues affected by aggressive periodontitis comprises a major scientific and clinical challenge. In recent years some evidence has been provided that bioactive glass is also capable of supporting the regenerative healing of periodontal lesions. Objective The aim of this clinical and radiological prospective study was to evaluate the efficacy of bioactive glass in the treatment of intra-bony defects in patients with localized aggressive periodontitis. Methods Twelve localized aggressive periodontitis patients with bilaterally located threewalled intra-bony defect depth = 2 mm, preoperative probing depths = 5 mm were randomly treated either with the bioactive glass or without the bioactive glass. The clinical parameters plaque index, gingival index, probing depth, gingival recession, clinical attachment level, and mobility were recorded prior to surgery as well as 12 months after surgery. Intraoral radiographs were digitized to evaluate the bone defect depth at baseline and 12 months after the surgery. Results After 12 months, a reduction in probing depth of 3.92 + 0.313 mm (P < 0.001) and a gain in clinical attachment level of 4.42+0358mm (P < 0.001) were registered in the test group. In the control group, a reduction in probing depth of 2.5 +0.230mm (P <0.001) and a gain in clinical attachment level of 2.58 + 0.149 mm (P <0.001) was recorded. Radiographically, the defects were found to be ?lled by 2.587 + 0.218 mm (P < 0.001) in the test group and by 0.1792 + 0.031mm (P < 0.001) in the control group. Changes in gingival recession showed no signi?cant differences. . Conclusion Highly signi?cant improvements in the parameters Probing depth, Clinical attachment level, and Bone defect depth were recorded after 12 months, with regenerative material.
Authors:
K V Satyanarayana; B R Anuradha; G Srikanth; P M Chandra; T Anupama; P M Durga
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Kathmandu University medical journal (KUMJ)     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1812-2078     ISO Abbreviation:  Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ)     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101215359     Medline TA:  Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ)     Country:  Nepal    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
MNR Dental College, Sangareddy, AP, India.
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