Document Detail

Clinical course of symptomatic spontaneous pneumothorax in term and late preterm newborns: report from a large cohort.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20700862     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The purpose of this observational study was to characterize the clinical course of newborn infants with spontaneous pneumothorax and to identify those infants who eventually required further interventions. We performed a retrospective review of newborns with symptomatic spontaneous pneumothorax, born between January 2002 and December 2007. Seventy-six infants ≥36 weeks' gestation were identified with symptomatic spontaneous pneumothorax. Twenty-two (29%) of the 76 infants with spontaneous pneumothorax required either thoracentesis or/and thoracostomy drainage, and 54 (71%) were managed without such intervention. In all, 18 (24%) infants received mechanical ventilation and 12 (16%) infants developed persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN) during the course of illness. Ten of the 22 infants requiring thoracentesis and/or thoracostomy for progressively worsening respiratory distress developed PPHN. Seven of these 10 infants with PPHN received inhaled nitric oxide, and four infants subsequently required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. In contrast, the majority of the infants (50 of 54, 93%) not requiring thoracentesis or/and thoracostomy could be managed simply with supplemental oxygen or close observation. Progressively worsening respiratory distress prompting intervention in infants with spontaneous pneumothorax may indicate presence of PPHN that needs prompt recognition and referral to tertiary-level neonatal units for escalating respiratory support.
Joann Smith; Robert E Schumacher; Steven M Donn; Subrata Sarkar
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-08-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of perinatology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1098-8785     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Perinatol     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8405212     Medline TA:  Am J Perinatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  163-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© Thieme Medical Publishers.
Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan Health System, C. S. Mott Children's Hospital, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
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