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Clinical Characteristics and Mutational Analysis of the RyR2 Gene in Seven Czech Families with Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22519458     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a rare hereditary arrhythmia. The onset of clinical symptoms usually occurs during childhood, and is typically related to exercise. The aim of our study was to describe the clinical characteristics of seven Czech families with CPVT and the results of mutational analysis of the RyR2 gene in these families. Methods: The subjects and their relatives were investigated at the participating departments. They underwent basic clinical investigation, and history was focused on possible CPVT symptoms, that is, syncopes during exercise. Bicycle ergometry was performed to obtain electrocardiogram recording during adrenergic stimulation. In all the investigated individuals, blood samples were taken for mutation analysis of the RyR2 gene. Results: To date, seven families have been investigated, comprising 11 adults and 13 children. In seven CPVT patients, the indication for examination was syncope during exercise. Diagnosis was confirmed by bicycle ergometry-induced polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. In one relative, polymorphic ventricular tachycardia was also induced. All eight affected individuals were treated with β-blockers and in two, a cardioverter-defibrillator was implanted due to recurrent syncopi. Coding variants of the RyR2 gene were found in four probands. Conclusions: This is a systematic description of CPVT families in the Czech Republic. Our data support the importance of exercise testing for the diagnosis of CPVT. In addition, RyR2 gene coding variants were found in 50% of affected individuals. (PACE 2012;1-5).
Authors:
Irena Andrsova; Iveta Valaskova; Peter Kubus; Pavel Vit; Renata Gaillyova; Jitka Kadlecova; Lenka Manouskova; Tomas Novotny
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8159     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
©2012, The Authors. Journal compilation ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology Department of Medical Genetics, University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine of Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic Children's Heart Centre, University Hospital Motol, Prague, Czech Republic Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine of Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.
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