Document Detail


Clinical Anatomy: Anthropometry for Nutritional Assessment of 367 Adults who Underwent Endoscopic Gastrostomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23815834     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Introduction: Patients suffering from long standing dysphagia need tube feeding through gastrostomy. Nutritional assessment of these patients is challenging and must be supported on objective data, including anthropometric evaluation. Aim: The aim of this study was the evaluation of the usefulness of anthropometry for identifying and grading malnutrition, as part of the initial assessment of patients that underwent endoscopic gastrostomy. Material and Methods: From the files of consecutive adults underwent gastrostomy we selected patients with anthropometric data obtained before the procedure: Body Mass Index, Mid Upper Arm Circumference, Triceps Skinfold Thickness and Mid Arm Muscle Circumference. Nutritional status was classified according with World Health Organization criteria for Body Mass Index, and for Mid Upper Arm Circumference, Triceps Skinfold Thickness and Mid Arm Muscle Circumference using comparison with Frisancho reference-tables. Results: Were selected 367 patients (median of ages: 74.1 years): neurological disease: 172; head and neck cancer: 176; other diseases: 19. Body Mass Index identified 136 underweight and 231 eutrophic or overweight patients. Mid Upper Arm Circumference identified 310 malnourished and 57 eutrophic or overweight patients. Triceps Skinfold Thickness identified 301 malnourished and 66 eutrophic or overweight patients. Mid Arm Muscle Circumference identified 269 malnourished, 97 eutrophic and one with MAMC above normal. Discussion and Conclusions: Anthropometry identified the malnourished endoscopic gastrostomy-patients, contributed for malnutrition grading and demonstrated the impact on muscle and fat reserves. Mid Upper Arm Circumference, Triceps Skinfold Thickness and Mid Arm Muscle Circumference identified malnutrition in nearly 80% of the patients, most clearly with fat tissue wasting than muscle. Easily accessible e inexpensive, anthropometry allowed personalized nutritional therapy. Anthropometry must be recognized as a fundamental tool for enteral feeding teams.
Abstract available from the publisher.
Authors:
Jorge Fonseca; Carla Adriana Santos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta medica portuguesa     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1646-0758     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Med Port     Publication Date:    2013 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-7-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906803     Medline TA:  Acta Med Port     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  212-218     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Serviço de Gastrenterologia. Grupo de Estudo de Nutrição Entérica. Hospital Garcia de Orta. Almada. Portugal. Instituto Superior de Ciências da Saúde Egas Moniz. Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar Egas Moniz. Lisboa. Portugal.
Vernacular Title:
Anatomia Aplicada à Clínica: Antropometria na Avaliação Nutricional de 367 Adultos Submetidos a Gastrostomia Endoscópica.
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