Document Detail

Climate change and population declines in a long-distance migratory bird.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16672969     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Phenological responses to climate change differ across trophic levels, which may lead to birds failing to breed at the time of maximal food abundance. Here we investigate the population consequences of such mistiming in the migratory pied flycatcher, Ficedula hypoleuca. In a comparison of nine Dutch populations, we find that populations have declined by about 90% over the past two decades in areas where the food for provisioning nestlings peaks early in the season and the birds are currently mistimed. In areas with a late food peak, early-breeding birds still breed at the right time, and there is, at most, a weak population decline. If food phenology advances further, we also predict population declines in areas with a late food peak, as in these areas adjustment to an advanced food peak is insufficient. Mistiming as a result of climate change is probably a widespread phenomenon, and here we provide evidence that it can lead to population declines.
Christiaan Both; Sandra Bouwhuis; C M Lessells; Marcel E Visser
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nature     Volume:  441     ISSN:  1476-4687     ISO Abbreviation:  Nature     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-04     Completed Date:  2006-05-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410462     Medline TA:  Nature     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  81-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), PO Box 40, 6666ZG Heteren, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Migration*
Greenhouse Effect*
Nesting Behavior / physiology*
Population Dynamics
Reproduction / physiology*
Songbirds / physiology*
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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