Document Detail

Climate change and the incidence of food poisoning in England and Wales.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8530209     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In recent years there have been several spells of high temperatures providing analogues for the conditions that might become more common as a result of the enhanced greenhouse effect. Statistical models were developed of the relationship between the monthly incidence of food poisoning and temperatures and these were then used to provide estimates of the possible effects of future warmer summers. Routinely collected data on the number of reported cases of food poisoning were analysed for the years 1982-1991. Regression analysis was used to establish the relationship between the monthly of food poisoning and temperatures of the same and the previous month. Published scenarios for future temperatures were applied to these statistical models to provide estimates of the possible impacts of warmer conditions. The monthly incidence of food poisoning was found to be significantly associated with the temperature of the same and of the previous month with the latter having the stronger effect. Using published data on the relationship between reported and actual numbers of cases of food poisoning, it is estimated that annually there might be an additional 179 000 cases of food poisoning by the year 2050 as a result of climate change. The observed relationship with the same month's temperature underlies the need for improvements in storage, preparation and hygiene close to the point of consumption. However, there was a much stronger relationship with the temperature of the previous month, indicating the importance of conditions earlier in the food production process. Improvements in areas such as animal husbandry and slaughtering may also be necessary to avoid the adverse effects of a warmer climate.
G Bentham; I H Langford
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of biometeorology     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0020-7128     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Biometeorol     Publication Date:  1995 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-02-01     Completed Date:  1996-02-01     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374716     Medline TA:  Int J Biometeorol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  81-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Husbandry
England / epidemiology
Food Microbiology
Foodborne Diseases / epidemiology*
Greenhouse Effect
Wales / epidemiology

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