Document Detail

Clicks with noisy accompaniment in West !Xoon.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18529637     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The current study is concerned with ingressive stops (clicks) with a noisy accompaniment exemplified by data from West !Xoon, a Taa variety ("!Xoo", TuuSouthern Khoisan) spoken in Namibia. Within the obstruent system of West !Xoon, we describe (1) aspirated clicks, (2) clicks followed by a laryngeal fricative, (3) clicks with an aspirated uvular accompaniment, and (4) clicks followed by a uvular fricative. In previous analysis for the variety of East !Xoon (Traill and Ladefoged, 1994), (2) were analysed as series of "delayed aspiration", while the contrast between (1) and (3) was ignored. A novelty discovery are prenasalized "voiced" clicks followed by [h], the voiced counterparts of clicks with "delayed aspiration", which are probably absent in East !Xoon. We present an acoustic analysis of alveolar and palatal clicks based on field data of 6 speakers (3 male 3 female), where for each click type plus noise accompaniment three tokens in #CV context had been recorded repeatedly. As descriptive parameters served durational measures of burst length, cluster length, length of aspiration delay, and spectral measures of burst and friction parts. In opposite to the previous distinction our findings suggest a clear 3-way distinction of clicks (1-3) with noisy accompaniment.
Sven Grawunder; Christfried Naumann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  123     ISSN:  1520-8524     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3079     Citation Subset:  IM    
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany,
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