Document Detail

Cleaning and other control and validation strategies to prevent allergen cross-contact in food-processing operations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18326204     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Food allergies affect an estimated 10 to 12 million people in the United States. Some of these individuals can develop life-threatening allergic reactions when exposed to allergenic proteins. At present, the only successful method to manage food allergies is to avoid foods containing allergens. Consumers with food allergies rely on food labels to disclose the presence of allergenic ingredients. However, undeclared allergens can be inadvertently introduced into a food via cross-contact during manufacturing. Although allergen removal through cleaning of shared equipment or processing lines has been identified as one of the critical points for effective allergen control, there is little published information on the effectiveness of cleaning procedures for removing allergenic materials from processing equipment. There also is no consensus on how to validate or verify the efficacy of cleaning procedures. The objectives of this review were (i) to study the incidence and cause of allergen cross-contact, (ii) to assess the science upon which the cleaning of food contact surfaces is based, (iii) to identify best practices for cleaning allergenic foods from food contact surfaces in wet and dry manufacturing environments, and (iv) to present best practices for validating and verifying the efficacy of allergen cleaning protocols.
Lauren S Jackson; Fadwa M Al-Taher; Mark Moorman; Jonathan W DeVries; Roger Tippett; Katherine M J Swanson; Tong-Jen Fu; Robert Salter; George Dunaif; Susan Estes; Silvia Albillos; Steven M Gendel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0362-028X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2008 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-10     Completed Date:  2008-03-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  445-58     Citation Subset:  IM    
U.S. Food and Drug Administration, National Center for Food Safety and Technology, 6502 South Archer Road, Summit-Argo, Illinois 60501, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Allergens / analysis*
Consumer Product Safety / standards
Disinfection* / methods,  standards
Equipment Contamination / prevention & control
Food Contamination / analysis,  prevention & control*
Food Handling / methods,  standards*
Food Hypersensitivity / prevention & control*
Food Inspection
Food-Processing Industry* / methods,  standards
United States
United States Food and Drug Administration
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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