Document Detail

Classification of test agent-specific effects in the Syrian hamster embryo assay (pH 6.7) using infrared spectroscopy with computational analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22362182     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cell transformation assay (pH 6.7) has utility in the assessment of potential chemical carcinogenicity (both genotoxic and non-genotoxic mechanisms of action). The assay uses morphological transformation as an end point and has a reported sensitivity of 87%, specificity of 83% and overall concordance of 85% with in vivo rodent bioassay data. However, the scoring of morphologically transformed SHE cells is subjective. We treated SHE cells grown on low-E reflective slides with benzo[a]pyrene, 3-methylcholanthrene, anthracene, N-nitroso-N-methylnitroguanidine, ortho-toluidine HCl, 2,4-diaminotoluene or D-mannitol for 7 days before fixation with methanol. Identified colonies were interrogated by acquiring a minimum of five infrared (IR) spectra per colony using attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform IR spectroscopy. Individual IR spectra were acquired over a spatial area of approximately 250 × 250 μm. Resultant data were analysed using Fisher's linear discriminant analysis and feature histogram algorithms to extract classifying biomarkers of test agent-specific effects or transformation in SHE cells. Clustering of spectral points suggested co-segregation or discrimination of test agent categories based on mechanism of action. Towards transformation, unifying alterations were associated with alterations in the Amide I and Amide II peaks; these were consistently major classifying biomarkers for transformed versus non-transformed SHE cells. Our approach highlights a novel method towards objectively screening and classifying SHE cells, be it to ascertain test agent treatment based on mechanism of action or transformation.
Abdullah A Ahmadzai; Júlio Trevisan; Weiyi Pang; Imran I Patel; Nigel J Fullwood; Shannon W Bruce; Kamala Pant; Paul L Carmichael; Andrew D Scott; Francis L Martin
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Mutagenesis     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1464-3804     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8707812     Medline TA:  Mutagenesis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Centre for Biophotonics, Lancaster Environment Centre.
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