Document Detail


Classification of rheumatoid arthritis: comparison of the 1987 American College of Rheumatology criteria and the 2010 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism criteria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20967854     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: New criteria to classify rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have been derived in order to increase the specificity and sensitivity for early RA compared with the 1987 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria. The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in classification between the 1987 ACR criteria and the 2010 ACR/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) criteria in an early arthritis cohort and to determine the test characteristics of the 2010 ACR/EULAR criteria.
METHODS: A total of 2,258 patients with early arthritis included in the Leiden Early Arthritis Clinic cohort were studied. Fulfillment of the 1987 and 2010 criteria for the classification of RA was determined at baseline. The diagnosis of each patient at 1 year was assessed. The sensitivity and specificity of the 2010 criteria were determined using the following outcome measures: initiation of methotrexate therapy or any disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) therapy during the first year of followup and having persistent arthritis during 5 years of followup.
RESULTS: At their first presentation, 1,099 patients fulfilled the 2010 criteria, and 726 patients fulfilled the 1987 criteria for RA. Eighty-two of the 726 patients fulfilling the 1987 criteria did not fulfill the 2010 criteria. Sixty-eight percent of the patients who fulfilled the 1987 criteria during the first year of disease but not at baseline did fulfill the 2010 criteria at baseline. In 18% of patients, use of the 2010 classification criteria also led to a revoked classification at 1 year. The sensitivity and specificity of the 2010 criteria were 0.84 and 0.60, respectively, with methotrexate therapy as the outcome and 0.74 and 0.74, respectively, with DMARD therapy as the outcome. With persistent arthritis as the outcome, the sensitivity and specificity of the 2010 criteria were 0.71 and 0.65, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Compared with the 1987 criteria, the 2010 criteria classify more patients with RA and at an earlier phase of the disease. The discriminative ability of the 2010 criteria is acceptable.
Authors:
M P M van der Linden; R Knevel; T W J Huizinga; A H M van der Helm-van Mil
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Arthritis and rheumatism     Volume:  63     ISSN:  1529-0131     ISO Abbreviation:  Arthritis Rheum.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-04     Completed Date:  2011-01-28     Revised Date:  2011-09-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370605     Medline TA:  Arthritis Rheum     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  37-42     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 by the American College of Rheumatology.
Affiliation:
Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. M.P.M.van_der_Linden@lumc.nl
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Antirheumatic Agents / therapeutic use
Area Under Curve
Arthritis, Rheumatoid / classification*,  diagnosis*,  therapy
Female
Humans
Joints / pathology*
Male
Methotrexate / therapeutic use
Middle Aged
Sensitivity and Specificity
Severity of Illness Index
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antirheumatic Agents; 59-05-2/Methotrexate
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Arthritis Rheum. 2011 Aug;63(8):2544-6; author reply 2456   [PMID:  21567375 ]

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