Document Detail

Classification of grossly detectable abnormalities and conditions seen at postmortem in Canadian poultry abattoirs according to a hazard identification decision tree.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11770626     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study was designed to review all grossly detectable abnormalities and conditions (GDACs) encountered in poultry in Canadian abattoirs to determine which have potential to cause adverse health effects for the consumer. Review of the literature and consultation with scientists in the field of microbiology, epidemiology, poultry pathology, chemistry, and meat inspection served to generate an inventory of GDACs, and a decision tree containing algorithms was developed to identify GDACs potentially representing a health hazard to consumers. Through the use of the decision tree, GDACs were classified into different categories with regard to the risk they represent to humans. A number of GDACs were identified as being of potential concern from a food safety perspective, namely Erysipelas, fowl cholera, Campylobacteriosis, clostridial diseases, hepatitis/enteritis associated with Helicobacter, Listeriosis, Salmonella infections (nontyphoid infections, Salmonella arizonae, pullorum disease, and fowl typhoid), Staphylococcosis, and Toxoplasmosis. Further characterization--i.e., hazard characterization, exposure assessment, and risk characterization--is required to quantify or better characterize the probability that products derived from affected carcasses may affect the consumer as well as the resulting consequences. Risk assessment is a dynamic process. Results presented in this paper are based on available information and expert opinion. As new information is obtained, the inventory of GDACs and their classification may be modified.
J R Bisaillon; T E Feltmate; S Sheffield; R Julian; E Todd; C Poppe; S Quessy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0362-028X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2001 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-12-27     Completed Date:  2002-01-10     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1973-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Food Safety Risk Analysis Unit, Animal Disease Research Institute, Nepean, Ontario.
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MeSH Terms
Chickens / abnormalities*,  microbiology*
Consumer Product Safety
Environmental Exposure
Food Contamination / analysis*,  prevention & control
Food Microbiology
Foodborne Diseases / prevention & control
Hazardous Substances / adverse effects
Risk Assessment
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hazardous Substances

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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