Document Detail


Classical conditioning and retention of the infant's eyelid response: effects of age and interstimulus interval.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6747546     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Independent groups of 10-,20-, and 30-day-old infants were subjected to a classical eyelid conditioning procedure involving either a 500- or a 1500-msec interstimulus interval (ISI). Ten days later, all received a second conditioning session. A reliable increase in conditioned responding was observed at all ages but only by infants receiving the 1500-msec ISI. Although age was not a significant factor in any conditioning measure except final performance level, which was greater for the oldest than for the youngest group, it did influence long-term retention. A reliable memory component was observed in the Session 2 performance of infants initially trained at 20 and 30 days but not at 10 days. These data demonstrate the importance of temporal parameters in the formation of conditioned associations very early in infancy and provide evidence for the long-term behavioral consequences of those associations.
Authors:
A H Little; L P Lipsitt; C Rovee-Collier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of experimental child psychology     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0022-0965     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Child Psychol     Publication Date:  1984 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-08-28     Completed Date:  1984-08-28     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985128R     Medline TA:  J Exp Child Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  512-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustic Stimulation
Age Factors
Association
Conditioning, Classical*
Conditioning, Eyelid*
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn*
Male
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD03991/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; MH32307/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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