Document Detail

Classic shunting operations for congenital cyanotic heart defects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7087545     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A total of 297 consecutive classic systemic artery-pulmonary artery shunts were performed in 281 patients over the past 9 years. This experience includes 200 Blalock-Taussig shunts (67.3%), 84 Waterston shunts (28.2%), and 13 Potts shunts (4.3%). The overall early mortality after the Blalock-Taussig shunt (5.5%) was significantly lower (p less than 0.02) than for the Waterston shunt (13%). The early mortality after either the Blalock-Taussig or Waterston shunt was not statistically related to the age of the patient at operation. Both the Blalock-Taussig and Waterston shunts demonstrated a higher mortality (p less than 0.02) among patients in Group II (complex defects) than in patients in Group I (tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect [VSD]). However, the Blalock-Taussig shunt had a significantly lower (p less than 0.04) probability of early postoperative death than the Waterston shunt among patients with complex lesions. The Blalock-Taussig shunt also revealed a lower incidence of important late postoperative complications and did not affect adversely the hemodynamic result after intracardiac correction, as evidenced by late postoperative cardiac catheterization. This study also confirms the feasibility of the Blalock-Taussig shunt during the neonatal period without significantly increased age-related risk of postoperative death (p = 0.13) and with good early and late long-term patency rates.
E Arciniegas; Z Q Farooki; M Hakimi; B L Perry; E W Green
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  84     ISSN:  0022-5223     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  1982 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-08-26     Completed Date:  1982-08-26     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  88-96     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Output, Low / etiology
Ductus Arteriosus, Patent / surgery
Heart Defects, Congenital / mortality,  surgery*
Heart Failure / etiology
Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular / surgery
Infant, Newborn
Postoperative Complications
Tetralogy of Fallot / surgery
Transposition of Great Vessels / surgery

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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