Document Detail

Clarithromycin versus metronidazole in first-line Helicobacter pylori eradication. Prospective randomized study of 85 Tunisian adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22311445     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Background: Although primary resistance to metronidazole remains high (56,8%), it is more widely used than clarithromycin as a firstline Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) treatment in the common Tunisian practice. Aim: To compare the eradication rate in two protocols including clarithromycin versus metronidazole in Tunisian adults. Methods: From July 2005 to December 2007, 85 patients aged 18 to75 years presenting with gastro-duodenal lesions with H. pylori infection and requiring its eradication were included in the study. They were randomized to receive alternatively a seven-day triple therapy including: Omeprazole + Amoxicillin + Clarithromycin (OAC group) or Metronidazole (OAM group) twice a day. A second endoscopy with new biopsies was carried out 6 weeks after treatment to control eradication. Results: Eighty five patients finished the protocol. The OAC and OAM groups included 46 and 39 patients respectively. They were comparable with respect to age, gender, clinical presentation and initial lesions. The total eradication rate was 60%. It was significantly higher in the clarithromycin group (69.6%) than in the metronidazole group (48.7%): p < 0.05. Conclusion: Clarithromycin is more effective than metronidazole in H. pylori eradication. It should be made available in our hospital's nomenclature. This would prevent iterative eradication courses and probably reduce treatment cost.
Hichem Loghmari; Fethia Bdioui; Wided Bouhlel; Wissem Melki; Olfa Hellara; Nabil Ben Chaabane; Leila Safer; Abdelfettah Zakhama; Hamouda Saffar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  La Tunisie médicale     Volume:  90     ISSN:  0041-4131     ISO Abbreviation:  Tunis Med     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0413766     Medline TA:  Tunis Med     Country:  Tunisia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  31-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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