Document Detail

Clarence Crafoord: a giant in cardiothoracic surgery, the first to repair aortic coarctation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19101336     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
On October 19, 1944, Clarence Crafoord performed the first successful repair of aortic coarctation. The operation was done a year before Robert Gross did his first case (he is often claimed to have been the first). In fact, Gross had read Crafoord's report before he performed his own first operation. Crafoord's achievement was not an isolated event. In the late 1920s he had performed two successful pulmonary embolectomies, in the 1930s he introduced heparin as thrombosis prophylaxis, and in the 1940s he pioneered mechanical positive-pressure ventilation during thoracic operations and worked out a safe and precise technique for pneumonectomy. During the 1950s a string of innovative surgical procedures were done at his unit in Stockholm. These included the second successful case of cardiopulmonary bypass in the world, the first case of atrial repair of transposition of the great arteries, endarterectomy of the left coronary artery, and the first implantation of a pacemaker into a human. In this article we will pay tribute to Clarence Crafoord and describe some of the contributions that he and his collaborators made to the field of cardiothoracic surgery.
John-Peder Escobar Kvitting; Christian L Olin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  87     ISSN:  1552-6259     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-22     Completed Date:  2009-01-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  342-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Linköping University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Aortic Coarctation / history*,  surgery*
History, 20th Century
Thoracic Surgery / history*
Personal Name Subject
Personal Name Subject:
Clarence Crafoord

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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