Document Detail


Circumscribed palmo-plantar hypokeratosis: a disease of desquamation? Immunohistological study of five cases and literature review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20626532     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background  Circumscribed palmoplantar hypokeratosis (CPH) is a recently recognized, rarely reported dermatosis that shows characteristic clinicopathological features; however, its pathogenesis remains unknown. Objective  The aim of this study was to get further insight into the pathogenesis of CPH. Methods  An immunohistological study was performed on five cases of CPH to investigate the expression of several epidermal proliferation and differentiation proteins, with emphasis on those involved in corneocyte desquamation [including corneodesmosin, kallikrein 5 and lympho-epithelial Kazal type inhibitor (LEKTI)]. Results  In three of five cases, a decreased expression of LEKTI, corneodesmosin and filaggrin was found, along with an increased expression of kallikrein 5 and keratin 6. The expression of several other antigens (including involucrin, Ki67, p63, CD138/syndecan I, EGF-R) did not present a consistently different pattern as compared with the unaffected epidermis. Conclusion  The immunohistopathologic features of CPH suggest that an altered (accelerated) corneocyte desquamation process could be the main pathological mechanism underlying the development of lesions.
Authors:
J Kanitakis; V Lora; B Chouvet; G Zambruno; M Haftek; M Faure
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1468-3083     ISO Abbreviation:  J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9216037     Medline TA:  J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  296-301     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 The Authors. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology © 2010 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.
Affiliation:
Department of Dermatology (Pav. R) and Laboratory of Dermatopathology (Bldg 10), Ed. Herriot Hospital, Lyon cx 03, France Istituto Dermopatico dell'Immacolata, Rome, Italy EA 4169, Ed. Herriot Hospital (Pav. R), Lyon cx 03, France.
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