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Circumferential Left Atrium Resection for Treating a Giant Left Atrium.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23356418     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: An enlarged left atrium (LA) is a major risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after a maze operation. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2009, 35 patients underwent circumferential left atrium resection (CLAR), during mitral valve surgery. All patients had continuous AF. RESULTS: Hospital mortalities occurred in two patients (5.7%). Postoperative bleeding occurred in two patients (5.7%). The average follow-up was 64 months. The mean New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class had significantly decreased to 1.16 ± 0.37 from 2.77 ± 0.65 (p < 0.01). The mean LA dimension and the cardiothoracic ratio had significantly decreased to 52.8 ± 7.9 mm, and 0.55 ± 0.06 from 72.6 ± 11.0 mm, and 0.66 ± 0.11, respectively (p < 0.01). The mean early postoperative LA volume had decreased to 178 ± 68 mL (102-343 mL) from 332 ± 133 mL (124-655 mL) (p < 0.001). These LA volume reductions had been maintained until the last echocardiogram, which was done at an average of 29 months. In patients who underwent the maze procedure, the rate of sinus rhythm restoration was 82.1%, 81.5%, and 74% at three to six months, one year, and the last visit, respectively. CONCLUSION: CLAR significantly reduced the LA volume. CLAR had an additional beneficial effect with the maze procedure of a relative rate of sinus rhythm restoration. To clarify the role of CLAR in marked symptom improvements after mitral valve surgery in patients with a giant LA, well-designed comparative studies are required.
Authors:
Jae Hyun Kim; Chan-Young Na; Sook Jin Lee; Sam Sae Oh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiac surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8191     ISO Abbreviation:  J Card Surg     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8908809     Medline TA:  J Card Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center, Daegu, South Korea.
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