Document Detail

Circulatory response and autonomic nervous activity during gum chewing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19627361     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Mastication has been proven to enhance the systemic circulation, with circulatory responses seeming to be largely regulated by autonomic nervous activity via a more complex regulatory system than those of other activities. However, few studies have examined the relationships between changes in autonomic nervous activity and the systemic circulation that are induced by masticatory movement. We investigated changes in the systemic circulation and autonomic nervous activity during gum chewing to clarify the influence of mastication. Electrocardiograms, arterial blood pressure, and masseter electromyograms were taken while chewing gum continuously as indicators of systemic circulation in 10 healthy subjects with normal dentition. Cardiac sympathetic activity and vagus nervous activity, as well as vasomotor sympathetic nervous activity, were evaluated by fluctuation analysis of heart rate and blood pressure. Repeated analysis of variance and multiple comparisons were performed to determine chronological changes in each indicator during gum chewing. Gum chewing increased the heart rate and the mean arterial pressure. Although cardiac sympathetic activity and vagus nervous activity showed significant changes, vasomotor sympathetic nervous activity did not. These results suggest that changes in the autonomic nervous activity of the heart are mainly involved in the enhancement of systemic circulation with gum chewing. This explains some characteristics of autonomic nervous regulation in masticatory movement.
Yoko Hasegawa; Joe Sakagami; Takahiro Ono; Kazuhiro Hori; Min Zhang; Yoshinobu Maeda
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of oral sciences     Volume:  117     ISSN:  1600-0722     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Oral Sci.     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-24     Completed Date:  2009-11-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9504563     Medline TA:  Eur J Oral Sci     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  470-3     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Division of Oromaxillofacial Regeneration, Course of Integrated Oral Science, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Autonomic Nervous System / physiology*
Blood Circulation / physiology*
Blood Pressure / physiology
Chewing Gum*
Heart Conduction System / physiology
Heart Rate / physiology
Masseter Muscle / physiology
Mastication / physiology*
Muscle Contraction / physiology
Time Factors
Vagus Nerve / physiology
Vasomotor System / physiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chewing Gum

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