Document Detail


Circulating hormone and cytokine response to low-load resistance training with blood flow restriction in older men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22922803     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
It has been suggested that circulating hormones and cytokines are important in the adaptive response to low-load resistance training (LLRT) with blood flow restriction (BFR); however, their response following this type of training in older men is unclear. Seven healthy older men (age 71.0 ± 6.5 year, height 1.77 ± 0.05 m, body mass 80.0 ± 7.5 kg; mean ± SD) performed five sets of unilateral LLRT knee extensions (20 % 1-RM) of both limbs, with or without BFR in a counterbalanced order. For the BFR condition, a pressure cuff was applied on the upper thigh and inflated to ~110 mmHg. Venous blood samples were taken at rest and 30-, 60- and 120-min post-exercise and measured for plasma concentrations of growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), cortisol and interleukin-6 (IL-6). GH increased (P < 0.05) from rest to 30-min post-exercise and was greater (P < 0.05) during LLRT with BFR than without. VEGF was significantly (P < 0.05) elevated from resting levels at 30-, 60- and 120-min post-exercise following LLRT with BFR with no change seen following LLRT without BFR. IL-6 increased (P < 0.05) from 30- to 60-min post-exercise and remained elevated at 120-min post-exercise in both conditions. Cortisol and IGF-1 were unaffected following exercise. In conclusion, a single bout of LLRT with BFR increases the circulating concentrations of GH and VEGF in older men and may explain the skeletal muscle and peripheral vascular adaptations observed following training with BFR.
Authors:
Stephen D Patterson; Melanie Leggate; Myra A Nimmo; Richard A Ferguson
Related Documents :
2606593 - The menstrual cycle and exercise: performance, muscle glycogen, and substrate responses.
7423033 - Changes in contractile function and endogenous fuel supply in rat heart upon perfusion ...
9843553 - Alpha1-adrenergic-receptor responsiveness in skeletal muscle during dynamic exercise.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
School of Sport, Exercise and Health Science, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK, stephen.patterson@smuc.ac.uk.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Posterior instrumentation, anterior column reconstruction with single posterior approach for treatme...
Next Document:  AKT serine/threonine protein kinase modulates bufalin-triggered intrinsic pathway of apoptosis in CA...