Document Detail

Circadian systemic haemodynamics in borderline and mild hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11100388     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Circadian variations in blood pressure (BP), stroke volume (SV), heart rate (HR), cardiac output (CO) and total peripheral resistance (TPR) were determined by a pulse contour method from the intra-arterial pulse wave in 32 normotensive (NT), 32 borderline hypertensive (BHT) and 31 hypertensive (HT) middle-aged men. Daytime averages were used as the reference levels. The nocturnal decrease in BP and HR were similar in the three groups. In the night, SV did not change in the NT group, but was increased in the BHT and HT groups. The nocturnal increase in SV may reflect reduced venous capacity causing increased cardiac filling. As a consequence of the difference in SV, the nocturnal CO fall was diminished in the HT group as compared with the NT group. Moreover, TPR had a tendency to decrease in the HT group, which may be considered as a baroreflex response to buffer the expected rise in BP. Five years later, 25 NT, 24 BHT and 19 HT subjects were reassessed using casual BP measurements. In the NT and BHT groups, six and 17 subjects, respectively, had progressed to hypertension. In a logistic regression model for those who became HT, the nocturnal increase in SV was a significant predictor for future hypertension. In conclusion, the results suggest that circadian systemic haemodynamics may be altered before BP is markedly elevated, and that haemodynamic studies might be useful in predicting the development of sustained hypertension.
R Takalo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical physiology (Oxford, England)     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0144-5979     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Physiol     Publication Date:  2000 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-09     Completed Date:  2001-03-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309768     Medline TA:  Clin Physiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  422-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Physiology, Tampere University Hospital, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / physiology
Circadian Rhythm / physiology*
Heart Rate / physiology
Hemodynamics / physiology*
Hypertension / physiopathology*
Middle Aged
Stroke Volume / physiology
Vascular Resistance / physiology

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