Document Detail

Circadian rhythm of double (rate-pressure) product in healthy normotensive young subjects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11475417     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The double product (DP), systolic blood pressure multiplied by heart rate, is a surrogate measure of myocardial oxygen demand and cardiac workload used increasingly today in medicine. The double product is more strongly correlated with left ventricular mass than the daily blood pressure mean. The purpose of this study was to describe the normative circadian pattern of the double product in healthy normotensive young adults. We studied 125 men and 75 women, 23.0+/-3.3 (mean +/- SD) years of age, without medical history of hypertension and 24h ambulatory systolic/diastolic blood pressure mean consistently below 135/85 mm Hg. Subjects underwent ambulatory blood pressure monitoring at 30-minute intervals for 48 consecutive hours once each season of the year, yielding 930 protocol-correct blood pressure and heart rate time series. Subjects maintained their usual routine of diurnal activity and nocturnal sleep and avoided use of over-the-counter and other medication. Circadian rhythmicity in the double product was established by population multiple-component analysis. The double product rose rapidly from the lowest value, attained 3h before awaking from sleep at night, to a markedly elevated level at the commencement of morning activity. The double product was highest in the afternoon, roughly 7h after the commencement of diurnal activity. In both men and women, the shape of the high-amplitude circadian rhythm in the double product was best described by a complex model composed of three cosine curves having periods of 24h, 12h, and 6h. The 24h mean in the double product of 8092.51+/-42.76 (mean +/- SD) in men was significantly lower than that of 8353.17+/-37.48 in women (P < .001). The circadian double amplitude of the rhythm was statistically significantly greater (P < .001) in men (50% of the 24h mean) than women (44% of the 24h mean). The double product did not differ between seasons in women, but it did in men (P = .017) due to reduced heart rate in summer. The circadian pattern of large amplitude in the double product and its gender differences must be taken into account when using this variable to assess cardiac workload, risk of left ventricular hypertrophy, and efficiency of antihypertensive therapy.
R C Hermida; J R Fernández; D E Ayala; A Mojón; I Alonso; M Smolensky
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chronobiology international     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0742-0528     ISO Abbreviation:  Chronobiol. Int.     Publication Date:  2001 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-07-27     Completed Date:  2001-12-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501362     Medline TA:  Chronobiol Int     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  475-89     Citation Subset:  IM    
Bioengineering and Chronobiology Laboratories, University of Vigo, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure*
Circadian Rhythm*
Heart Rate*
Sex Factors
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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