Document Detail


Cigarette withdrawal symptoms in adolescent smokers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3101108     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
One hundred and sixteen female adolescent smokers were asked about withdrawal symptoms experienced during past attempts to give up smoking for good. Sixty-three percent reported difficulties during abstinence of the kind experienced by adult smokers. Daily smokers were more likely to report withdrawal effects than non-daily smokers (74% versus 47%, P less than 0.005). Reported experience of withdrawal symptoms was positively related to self-reports of cigarette consumption and depth of inhalation and nicotine intake as indexed by salivary cotinine concentrations. Reported occurrence of at least one withdrawal effect correlated positively with nicotine intake after controlling for behavioural variables. Our results indicate that teenage smokers are likely to suffer withdrawal symptoms when they try to give up. Behavioural factors and expectations based on observations of adults may have played a part in their experience of withdrawal, but it is also likely that pharmacological factors are implicated even at this early stage.
Authors:
A D McNeill; R J West; M Jarvis; P Jackson; A Bryant
Related Documents :
19817318 - Smoking prevalence in coronary patients from euroaspire iii romania.
8787108 - Cardiorespiratory disease in men and women in urban scotland: baseline characteristics ...
18632778 - Smoking worsens the prognosis in multiple sclerosis.
2716678 - General practitioners' detection of patients' smoking status.
21433168 - Transvaginal sonography vs. clinical examination in the preoperative diagnosis of deep ...
14618728 - Addressing areas of common concern.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychopharmacology     Volume:  90     ISSN:  0033-3158     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychopharmacology (Berl.)     Publication Date:  1986  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-03-20     Completed Date:  1987-03-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7608025     Medline TA:  Psychopharmacology (Berl)     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  533-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Child
Cotinine / metabolism
Female
Humans
Probability
Regression Analysis
Saliva / metabolism
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / etiology*,  metabolism
Tobacco Use Disorder / psychology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
486-56-6/Cotinine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  The effects of smoking on electrocortical arousal in coronary prone (type A) and non-coronary prone ...
Next Document:  Sex differences in muscarinic receptor binding after chronic ethanol administration in the rat.