Document Detail


Cigarette smoking and theophylline metabolism: effects of phenytoin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3621789     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The induction of theophylline clearance by phenytoin was investigated in 12 young male subjects (six nonsmokers and six cigarette smokers). Each subject received intravenous theophylline to determine baseline pharmacokinetics. This was followed by an intravenous loading dose of phenytoin sodium and oral maintenance dosing for 2 weeks, after which the intravenous theophylline study was repeated. Phenytoin concentrations were similar in nonsmokers (10.8 +/- 2.0 micrograms/ml) and smokers (11.5 +/- 0.9 micrograms/ml). Control theophylline elimination half-life was 35% less and clearance 88% greater in smokers than in nonsmokers. The proportionate changes in half-life (26.8% +/- 5.6% in smokers and 25.8% +/- 3.5% in nonsmokers) and clearance (48.0% +/- 10.1% in smokers and 39.7% +/- 7.2% in nonsmokers) as the result of phenytoin induction were similar in both groups. These results demonstrate that the induction of theophylline clearance by phenytoin is additive to that caused by cigarette smoking and provide support for the suggestion that theophylline metabolism is influenced by multiple polymorphisms.
Authors:
J J Crowley; B J Cusack; S G Jue; J R Koup; R E Vestal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0009-9236     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Pharmacol. Ther.     Publication Date:  1987 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-10-22     Completed Date:  1987-10-22     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372741     Medline TA:  Clin Pharmacol Ther     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  334-40     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Drug Interactions
Half-Life
Humans
Kinetics
Male
Metabolic Clearance Rate
Phenytoin / blood,  pharmacology*
Serum Albumin / analysis
Smoking*
Theophylline / blood*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AG02901/AG/NIA NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Serum Albumin; 57-41-0/Phenytoin; 58-55-9/Theophylline

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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