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Cigarette Smoking Knowledge and Perceptions Among Students in Four Italian Medical Schools.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22345319     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of premature death in the developed world. Advice and assistance by physicians help smokers quit, but little attention has been paid to the topic of tobacco dependence in the curricula of Italian medical schools. Consequently, few physicians follow the clinical practice guidelines for treating dependence. METHODS: This study was conducted on 439 students at 4 Italian medical schools in 2010. Students were asked to complete a 60-item questionnaire. Two scores were computed: Score 1 assessed knowledge of the epidemiology of smoking, risks associated with smoking, and benefits of cessation. Score 2 assessed knowledge of tobacco dependence treatment guidelines and the effectiveness of treatments. A score of less than 60% indicated insufficient knowledge. RESULTS: Medical students had limited knowledge of the epidemiology of smoking, attributable morbidity and mortality, and the benefits of cessation. This limited knowledge was reflected by the finding that 70% of students had a total Score 1 less than 60% of available points. Knowledge of clinical guidelines, perceived competence in counseling smokers, and treatment of addiction was also insufficient, as 76% of students achieved a total Score 2 of less than 60%.Conclusions:Our data demonstrate that Italian medical students have limited knowledge about tobacco dependence, how to treat it, and the critical role of the physician in promoting cessation. Taken together with research from other countries, these findings suggest that medical schools do not offer adequate training in tobacco dependence and provide a rationale for modifying the core curriculum to include more information on tobacco dependence treatment.
Maria Caterina Grassi; Christian Chiamulera; Massimo Baraldo; Franco Culasso; Amy K Ferketich; Tobias Raupach; Carlo Patrono; Paolo Nencini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1469-994X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815751     Medline TA:  Nicotine Tob Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology "V. Erspamer," Sapienza University of Rome, 5, Piazzale Aldo Moro, 00161 Rome, Italy.
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