Document Detail

Chylothorax: aetiology, diagnosis and therapeutic options.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19766473     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Chylothorax is a rare condition that results from thoracic duct damage with chyle leakage from the lymphatic system into the pleural space, usually on the right side. It has multiple aetiologies and is usually discovered after it manifests itself as a pleural effusion. Diagnosis involves cholesterol and triglyceride measurement in the pleural fluid. Complications include malnutrition, immunosuppression and respiratory distress. Treatment may be either conservative or aggressive depending on the clinical scenario. In this review, we discuss the aetiology, diagnosis and treatment of chylothorax. English language publications in MEDLINE and references from relevant articles from January 1, 1980 to February 28, 2008 were reviewed. Keywords searched were chylothorax, aetiology, diagnosis and treatment.
Emmet E McGrath; Zoe Blades; Paul B Anderson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2009-09-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiratory medicine     Volume:  104     ISSN:  1532-3064     ISO Abbreviation:  Respir Med     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-03     Completed Date:  2010-09-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8908438     Medline TA:  Respir Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield S5 7AU, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Biological Markers / analysis
Chylothorax / diagnosis*,  etiology,  therapy*
Diagnosis, Differential
Triglycerides / analysis*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 0/Triglycerides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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