Document Detail


Chronic villitis, chronic chorioamnionitis, and maternal floor infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8210775     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Chronic inflammatory infiltrates in the human placenta are much less common than acute inflammation. Most often, chronic inflammation is found in the villi (villitis), but rarely it may involve the fetal membranes. Villitis is associated with many well-documented maternal infections. Reviewed herein are features of the villous inflammatory infiltrate and associated villous changes that may suggest a specific bacterial or protozoal etiology. However, the majority of villitides are of unknown etiology. These may be the result of an unrecognized pathogen or, alternatively, may reflect an abnormal immune reaction. Chronic chorioamnionitis is commonly associated with villitis and has accompanied some well-documented viral, bacterial, and protozoal infections, but a specific infectious etiology is not identified in many cases. Maternal floor infarction is not a true infarct; it is characterized by the deposition of fibrin in the decidua basalis and intervillous space where enveloped villi become avascular and sclerotic. Maternal floor infarction is associated with intrauterine growth retardation and fetal demise. It frequently recurs in successive pregnancies.
Authors:
D J Gersell
Related Documents :
11020895 - Combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma presented with massive pulmonary embolism.
22086475 - Scintigraphic imaging in tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy.
21940295 - Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia.
22655285 - Familial xanthelasma with dyslipidemia: just another family trait?
9280555 - Sgot, ldh, hbd, cpk, ck-mb, mb1mb2, ctnt, ctnc, ctni.
25441795 - Percutaneous closure of a poorly tolerated post-transcatheter aortic valve implantation...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in diagnostic pathology     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0740-2570     ISO Abbreviation:  Semin Diagn Pathol     Publication Date:  1993 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-11-04     Completed Date:  1993-11-04     Revised Date:  2007-05-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502262     Medline TA:  Semin Diagn Pathol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  251-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Chorioamnionitis / pathology
Chorionic Villi / pathology*
Chronic Disease
Female
Humans
Infarction / pathology*
Listeria Infections / pathology
Placenta Diseases / pathology*
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic / pathology
Syphilis, Congenital / pathology
Toxoplasmosis / pathology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  The placenta and viral infections.
Next Document:  The role of DNA flow cytometry in evaluation of partial and complete hydatidiform moles and hydropic...