Document Detail

Chronic stress and decreased physical exercise: impact on weight for African American women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22764641     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: African American women continue to have the highest prevalence of obesity in the United States and in the state of Maryland they are disproportionately affected by overweight and obesity. There are many contributing factors including chronic stress and the use of health behaviors such as physical exercise that play a role in increased weight for African American women. We examined the relationship of stress to weight and the role of physical exercise in African American paraprofessional women.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional study
SETTING: African American paraprofessionals were asked about their perspectives regarding association with chronic stress and physical exercise.
RESULTS: The three most salient stressors for the women were finances (33%), work (28%) and family/friends (19%). Ninety percent of the women were overweight or obese. Significant predictors of increased BMI were lack of physical exercise (P = .004) and health compared to others (P = .006). Ethnic discrimination was a form of chronic stress (r = .319) but was not correlated with BMI (r = .095). Decreased physical exercise (P = .02) mediated the relationship between chronic stress and BMI.
CONCLUSION: Findings regarding finance and work stress suggest the need for employers to consider the impact of job strain when implementing employee health programs to decrease stress and improve health. A focus on decreased physical exercise, unhealthy eating habits and misperceptions regarding increased risk for obesity related diseases with health status may be helpful to include in intervention strategies to decrease obesity for this population.
Gracie M Moore-Greene; Susan M Gross; Kristi D Silver; Carrol S Perrino
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ethnicity & disease     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1049-510X     ISO Abbreviation:  Ethn Dis     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-05     Completed Date:  2012-09-20     Revised Date:  2014-02-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9109034     Medline TA:  Ethn Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  185-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
African Americans / psychology*
Body Mass Index
Chronic Disease
Cross-Sectional Studies
Health Behavior / ethnology*
Middle Aged
Obesity / ethnology*,  psychology
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Stress, Psychological / ethnology*,  psychology
Young Adult
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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