Document Detail

Chronic myopathy in a patient suspected of carrying two malignant hyperthermia susceptibility (MHS) mutations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1300187     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a pharmacogenetic myopathy triggered by a variety of anaesthetic agents and muscle relaxants. In humans, susceptibility to MH is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, and susceptible patients do not show a clinically relevant myopathy unless having suffered from a MH crisis. Homozygosity for the MHS trait is thought to be an uncommon finding, and so far only a few cases of patients suggested to be homozygous for MH on the basis of pedigree information were reported and described as having a more severe form of this condition resulting in clinical symptoms also in the absence of triggering agents. We report clinical findings in a patient with chronic myopathy beginning at the age of 2 yr and associated with a number of unique features, the most important being a family history of MHS present in both parents. She became symptomatic with marked muscular weakness and elevated serum CK levels. A muscle biopsy showed a distinct enlargement and increase of muscle mitochondria. In the in vitro contracture test the patient's muscle responded with unusually high contractures already at basal levels of triggering agents indicating a particularly severe MHS condition. DNA markers for the MHS1 locus, described previously on chromosome 19q12-13.2 in Irish and Canadian pedigrees, could not be used to confirm her homozygous state because our molecular genetic studies had previously excluded the MHS trait in this pedigree from this locus.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
T Deufel; W Müller-Felber; D E Pongratz; G Hübner; K Johnson; P A Iaizzo; F Lehmann-Horn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; In Vitro; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuromuscular disorders : NMD     Volume:  2     ISSN:  0960-8966     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuromuscul. Disord.     Publication Date:  1992  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-05-27     Completed Date:  1993-05-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9111470     Medline TA:  Neuromuscul Disord     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  389-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of Munster, F.R.G.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Chronic Disease
Creatine Kinase / blood
Disease Susceptibility
Malignant Hyperthermia / genetics*,  pathology
Muscle Contraction / physiology
Muscles / pathology
Muscular Diseases / genetics*,  pathology
Reg. No./Substance:
EC Kinase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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