Document Detail

Chronic hypoxia induces androgen-independent and invasive behavior in LNCaP human prostate cancer cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22226664     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: Tumor hypoxia is a common feature of any cancer, including prostate cancer (CaP), and associated with tumor cell aggressiveness. Although some reports are available on acute hypoxia-response in CaP cells aggressiveness, little is known about chronic hypoxia-response. We investigated the effects of chronic hypoxia on human CaP cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The human androgen-dependent CaP cell line LNCaP was cultured under normoxia (21% O(2)), acute hypoxia (1% O(2)), or chronic hypoxia (1% O(2) for over 6 months). The cell growth, cell cycle and cell behavior of these cells were analyzed by cell count, flow cytometric analysis and in vitro cell migration and invasion assay, respectively. The expression of matrix metalloproteinases and intracellular signaling pathways were tested by real time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. RESULTS: Chronic hypoxia-conditioned LNCaP cells grew in an androgen-independent manner with acceleration of G1 to S phase cell cycle progression. Chronic hypoxia, but not acute hypoxia, accelerated cell migration and invasion. The expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-7, -9, -14, and -15 were significantly up-regulated in LNCaP cells under chronic hypoxia, but not under acute hypoxia. In addition, PI3K/Akt, JAK/STAT, and HIF-1 pathways were activated in chronic hypoxia-conditioned LNCaP cells. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that chronic hypoxia plays an important role in enhancement of malignant potential during androgen-independent CaP progression.
Mutsushi Yamasaki; Takeo Nomura; Fuminori Sato; Hiromitsu Mimata
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Urologic oncology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2496     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9805460     Medline TA:  Urol Oncol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Urology, Oita University Faculty of Medicine, Oita, Japan.
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