Document Detail


Chronic bullying victimization across school transitions: the role of genetic and environmental influences.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23627948     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We investigated the antecedents and consequences of chronic victimization by bullies across a school transition using a genetically sensitive longitudinal design. Data were from the Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study (E-Risk), an epidemiological cohort of 2,232 children. We used mothers' and children's reports of bullying victimization during primary school and early secondary school. Children who experienced frequent victimization at both time points were classed as "chronic victims" and were found to have an increased risk for mental health problems and academic difficulties compared to children who were bullied only in primary school, children bullied for the first time in secondary school, and never-bullied children. Biometric analyses revealed that stability in victimization over this period was influenced primarily by genetic and shared environmental factors. Regression analyses showed that children's early characteristics such as preexistent adjustment difficulties and IQ predicted chronic versus transitory victimization. Family risk factors for chronic victimization included socioeconomic disadvantage, low maternal warmth, and maltreatment. Our results suggest that bullying intervention programs should consider the role of the victims' behaviors and family background in increasing vulnerability to chronic victimization. Our study highlights the importance of widening antibullying interventions to include families to reduce the likelihood of children entering a pathway toward chronic victimization.
Authors:
Lucy Bowes; Barbara Maughan; Harriet Ball; Sania Shakoor; Isabelle Ouellet-Morin; Avshalom Caspi; Terrie E Moffitt; Louise Arseneault
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Twin Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Development and psychopathology     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1469-2198     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev. Psychopathol.     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-30     Completed Date:  2013-12-17     Revised Date:  2014-05-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8910645     Medline TA:  Dev Psychopathol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  333-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological*
Bullying / psychology*
Child
Child, Preschool
Crime Victims / psychology*
Family / psychology
Female
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Mothers
Risk Factors
Schools
Social Adjustment
Social Environment
Twins / genetics*,  psychology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
61002190//Medical Research Council; CSA/01/05/001//Department of Health; G0500953//Medical Research Council; G1002190//Medical Research Council; G9806489//Medical Research Council; R01 HD061298/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD077482/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
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