Document Detail

Chronic physical activity mitigates cerebral hypoperfusion during central hypovolemia in elderly humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20044443     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study sought to test the hypothesis that orthostasis-induced cerebral hypoperfusion would be less severe in physically active elderly humans (ACT group) than in sedentary elderly humans (SED group). The peak O(2) uptake of 10 SED (67.1 +/- 1.4 yr) and 9 ACT (68.0 +/- 1.1 yr) volunteers was determined by a graded cycling exercise test (22.1 +/- 1.2 vs 35.8 +/- 1.3 ml.min(-1).kg(-1), P < 0.01). Baseline mean arterial pressure (MAP; tonometry) and middle cerebral arterial blood flow velocity (V(MCA); transcranial Doppler) were similar between the groups (SED vs. ACT group: 91 +/- 3 vs. 87 +/- 3 mmHg and 54.9 +/- 2.3 vs. 57.8 +/- 3.2 cm/s, respectively), whereas heart rate was higher and stroke volume (bioimpedance) was smaller in the SED group than in the ACT group. Central hypovolemia during graded lower body negative pressure (LBNP) was larger (P < 0.01) in the ACT group than in the SED group. However, the slope of V(MCA)/LBNP was smaller (P < 0.05) in the ACT group (0.159 +/- 0.016 cm/s/Torr) than in the SED group (0.211 +/- 0.008 cm/s/Torr). During LBNP, the SED group had a greater augmentation of cerebral vasomotor tone (P < 0.05) and hypocapnia (P < 0.001) compared with the ACT group. Baseline MAP variability and V(MCA) variability were significantly smaller in the SED group than in the ACT group, i.e., 0.49 +/- 0.07 vs. 1.04 +/- 0.16 (mmHg)(2) and 1.06 +/- 0.19 vs. 4.24 +/- 1.59 (cm/s)(2), respectively. However, transfer function gain, coherence, and phase between MAP and V(MCA) signals (Welch spectral estimator) from 0.08-0.18 Hz were not different between SED (1.41 +/- 0.18 cm.s(-1).mmHg(-1), 0.63 +/- 0.06 units, and 38.03 +/- 6.57 degrees ) and ACT (1.65 +/- 0.44 cm.s(-1).mmHg(-1), 0.56 +/- 0.05 units, and 48.55 +/- 11.84 degrees ) groups. We conclude that a physically active lifestyle improves the intrinsic mechanism of cerebral autoregulation and helps mitigate cerebral hypoperfusion during central hypovolemia in healthy elderly adults.
Kevin Formes; Peizhen Zhang; Nancy Tierney; Frederick Schaller; Xiangrong Shi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2009-12-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology     Volume:  298     ISSN:  1522-1539     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-25     Completed Date:  2010-04-02     Revised Date:  2013-05-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901228     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H1029-37     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dept. of Integrative Physiology, Univ. of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, 76107, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / physiology*
Blood Pressure / physiology
Cardiac Output / physiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Heart Rate / physiology
Hypovolemia / physiopathology*
Lower Body Negative Pressure
Middle Cerebral Artery / physiopathology*
Motor Activity / physiology*
Regional Blood Flow / physiology*
Rest / physiology
Stroke Volume / physiology
Vasoconstriction / physiology*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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